We brengen hier 2 verhalen van arbeidsmigranten in Italië (EN) van de site Meltingpot. De wetgeving in Italië wordt altijd maar strenger. Een nieuwe wet de ‘Pacchetto sicurezza”, die verstrengde veiligheidsmaatregelen bevat wakkert het racisme tegen Arbeidsmigranten aan. De nieuwe wet houdt onder andere in dat migranten zonder papieren die naar een ziekenhuis gaan voor medische hulp aan de politie kunnen gerapporteerd worden. Hij zal ook voor gevolg hebben dat:
– mensen zonder papieren hun kinderen niet wettelijk kunnen herkennen
– dar migranten minstens 2 jaar een verblijfsvergunning moeten hebben om te kunnen huwen.
– Dat ze een, verblijfsvergunning moeten kunnen voorleggen als ze geld naar huis willen sturen.
Begin Januari werd er dan ook door de migrantenorganisaties opgeroepen om te betogen op 17 en 19 januari. Op 19 januari begon de stemming voor de wet in het Italiaanse parlement. Het protest gaat door ook op 31 januari zijn er betogingen.
Het Italië van Berlusconi is aan het afglijden naar openlijke fascistische maatregelen.Door mensen zonder papieren te behandelen en af te schilderen als criminelen ontneemt men ze in feite alle rechten en stelt men ze bloot aan allerlei vormen van willekeur en uitbuiting. Zo schuift de overheid de verplichting om de mensenrechten van de ‘sans papiers’ te respecteren van zich af. Niet toevallig heeft geen enkel rijk West-Europees land de ‘Conventie van de Rechten van Migranten en hun Families’ (resolutie 45/158 van de UNO goedgekeurd op 18 December 1990) geratificeerd. In 2006 was de Conventie nog maar door 3 Europese landen geratificeerd, namelijk Azerbeidzjan, Bosnië en Herzegovina en Turkije. Intussen is Albanië erbij gekomen. In de lijst van 37 landen die de Conventie geratificeerd hebben, zal je geen enkel rijk land terugvinden.
International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, Adopted by General Assembly resolution 45/158 of 18 December 1990
Italy: Between Anarchy and Servility (Gaither Stewart)
How a child dies in Venice: 11-year-old Afghan boy dies to avoid controls by the border police
He was fifteen years old. No, he was twelve. Maybe, in reality, he was only eleven. As the day progressed, his age changed several times, turning increasingly younger. In any case, he was a boy. He was found dead in Via Orlanda in Mestre, Venice, run over by the lorry under which he had hidden to escape the checks by the border police. Why, one would wonder, does an Afghan minor, a figure that is well protected by international conventions, by the ECHR, and even by the Bossi-Fini law [on immigration], risk his life in such a way in order to avoid being intercepted by the border police? Because, by now, all the migrants, and also those Italians who want to know the truth about things, know: in the ports on the Adriatic [coast], anyone is sent back, in a summary way. Regardless of their age, status or their life story involving wars and persecutions. The boy who died on the past 22 June, also under a lorry, had been rejected five days earlier. He was an Iraqi Kurd, he could have sought asylum, but he did not find any interpreter, mediator or lawyer who could listen to his story and protect his rights. He did not meet the CIR (Consiglio Italiano per i Rifugiati, Italian Council for Refugees), which is paid by the Ministry precisely to do this, and has recently complained publicly about the difficulty of working in a place in which it appears that access is forbidden even to the people who need to be given information and possibly defended.
The nameless boy who died last night in Marghera came from Greece, a country where human rights are in serious jeopardy for everyone, as the latest episodes that have swept across the Hellenic republic show, but especially for migrants and asylum seekers. UNHCR and Amnesty have been urging the suspension of returns to Greece for some time, but it seems as though this practice continues constantly, on a daily basis, with all the violence and deaths that it entails. On Saturday 29 November a citizens’ assembly in Venice discussed these matters. The data presented is clear and authoritative, and its acts have been published on this website. What emerges from them is a border management system that is arbitrary and only tailored towards security concerns. A child attempted to escape this system to be free. He did not want to be returned, and died when he had almost succeeded. His hands did not manage to hold on, and it is not difficult to imagine that instant in which everything ended. The huge responsibilities of this tragedy begin in Afghanistan, passing through Turkey and Greece, but they end in the port of Venice.
Unofficial Statewatch translation, Y. Maccanico
[Friday 12 December 2008]
Emmanuel – beaten up and insulted in Parma by the municipal police
Reporting of the man stopped outside his school
A Ghanian student was stopped and taken to the commander of the vigili urbani of Parma with the accusation of drug dealing. An article appeared today on the La Reppublica website reporting the event in detail, in the words of Emmanuel, who had contacted the press. Stopped by people in civilian clothes, he spoke of running away, frightened, and being followed. Handcuffed and beaten, he was taken by car to the commander of the vigili urbani. “I saw two men behind me talking on their mobiles, then another man approached them. Suddenly the man on his own came up to me without saying anything, without identifying himself, and took my hands. The other two ran up and surrounded me. I was scared, but got free and fled. They kicked my head and began to lead me away, then they handcuffed me and one punched me in the face.” He added: “I think the agents used clubs, or maybe they were bottles of water… I don’t know.” During the arrest he was interrogated, stripped, searched and detained in a cell – already sadly famous for the photo of the prostitute abandoned on the ground after being stopped by the vigili – and compelled to sign a confession saying he had been in possession of hashish.
“They made me go in and out, in and out of the cell. I was scared. The made me sign it, but I denied it again and again. I wanted to call home.” The medical report carried out after his release speaks of a number of injuries, also visible on the boy’s face. As well as the punches, he also had to endure the insults “move it, negro!”; and had not been allowed to call home to notify his parents. His father, who had only been contacted after many hours, was told that his son had got a black eye from falling over. “But how did he get in this state? The municipal police told me it was because he fell over. But you can’t get a black eye from falling over. So I asked my son if he had been beaten up. All he said was ‘yes’.” His father was enraged and asked for an explanation. “But when I spoke out and and mentioned the word ‘abuse’, they motioned their hands for me to leave – they said “go away” and threw everyone out”. On Emmanuel’s release, at around 11.15pm, an envelope with the stamp of the Commune of Parma was delivered into his father’s hands, with the words “Emmanuel negro” written on the envelope.
In response to the controversy, the Commune are still maintaining that the boy got the bruises from falling over, and the word negro on the envelope had been added by his family.
The morning before the news had spread, the councillor had declared the following terrible words through a press release: “Today the Councillor at the Security Costantino Monteverdi thanked the agents of the municipal police who, after a few days of surveillance, have arrested a pusher who they caught in the act in the Eridania park. It was an operation of exemplary professionalism, with a just outcome, especially as there were also some minors involved. It has been an example for the citizens, and I am satisfied for two reasons: for having responded to a real problem facing the park’s visitors, and secondly because the municipal police have demonstrated once again that they are on top of the duties they face.”
Emmanual’s charges were dropped a few hours later. He is now being accused of resisting an official and of not having supplied his name and address; but yet another account of the abuse by the municipal police of Parma has provoked a scandal and calls for an explanation from Mayor Vignali, Council member for Safety and the Municipal Police. The National Office Against Racial Discrimination of the Ministry for Equal Opportunities has opened an enquiry to shed light on the episode. Giusto Catania, European politician for the Communist Party, has announced an investigation by the European Commission. “The case of Emmanuel Bonsu Foster, a 22 year-old Ghanian student seized outside his school and then beaten, insulted and stamped on yesterday afternoon by seven agents from the municipal police of Parma is the result of the climate of widespread intolerance in the country.” In the last few hours a number of national politicians have joined them.
So in the space of a few weeks the municipal police of Parma is once again at the centre of attention… And this is the city which demands the increase of the powers of the mayor and his police – a perfect example of the Charter of Parma.
These episodes are countless confirmations of the failure of the city’s model of safety, and of the violence which can be unleashed when the government and local administrators together adopt a rhetoric of fear towards migrants, whoever does not behave according to the rigidly determined laws dictated by decorum and corporal discipline, or wants to express creativity and live an autonomous lifestyle, or who doesn’t want to be contained within the predetermined boundaries. The powers requested by the centre-left and centre-right mayors, the transformation of the municipal police’s urban street guards, and the propagation of the forms of detention and control result in this situation, as demonstrated by the events in Parma.
These are not the cities that we want.
Elisabetta ferri, Progetto Melting Pot Europa
translated by Lauren Levine
[Friday 3 October 2008]